Lubricating oils are given specific functional properties by mixing additives with base oil. In order to assure consistent and desirable performance, it is very important to control the concentrations of the additives during the lubricant manufacturing process. X-ray fluorescence (XRF) spectrometry has become increasingly popular for quantitative elemental analysis of base oils as well as additives and lubricant products due to its high precision and simple sample preparation. With liquids, sample preparation for XRF typically means simply pouring the sample into a plastic cup with a transparent film. Unlike other techniques, such as Inductively-Coupled Plasma Optical Emission Spectroscopy (ICP-OES), XRF does not require time-consuming processes such as chemical decomposition, digestion or serial dilution. ASTM D6443-04 specifies the use of the wavelength- dispersive (WD) XRF technique since it offers sufficiently high precision, resolution and light-element sensitivity to meet the industry’s needs. Traditionally, WDXRF spectrometers have been large floor-standing models with substantial installation requirements and high replacement cost of faulty components. In its search for greater cost-efficiency, the lubricant industry is turning to tools that not only do the job, but are also easier and less costly to acquire, install and maintain. This application note demonstrates the capability of low-cost, compact benchtop WDXRF spectrometer for quantitative elemental analysis of Ca, Cl, Cu, Mg, P, S and Zn in base oils, lubricating oils and additives according to ASTM D6443-04.
Lubricating oil is given functional properties for specific purposes by mixing additives with base oil. Therefore, it is very important to control concentrations of additive elements in production plants of lubricating oil. X-ray fluorescence (XRF) spectrometry has been used for quantitative analysis of additive elements such as Mg, P and Zn in lubricating oil owing to high precision and simple sample preparation of XRF analysis. In the XRF analysis of lubricating oil, a sample is simply poured into a liquid cell, and any complicated treatment such as chemical decomposition or dilution is not required. This application note demonstrates quantitative analysis for lubricating oil according to ASTM D6443-04 on Rigaku ZSX Primus, a wavelength-dispersive XRF spectrometer.